Problems in the vulvar region can affect the vagina, and vice versa, so it is important to keep the skin of the external intimate area healthy. Most importantly this means avoiding disturbance of the acid protective mantle as much as possible, i.e. not stripping the skin of its lipids and maintaining the acidic pH at about 5. Sometimes all that is needed is to avoid harmful influences.
Improper hygiene measures can encourage infection, but excessive cleansing can also be harmful for the entire vulvovaginal area.